Traumatic Brain Injury Contributes to A Third of All Personal Injury Related Deaths in the United States. According to The National Institutes of Health, they’ve stated that a type of head injury, traumatic brain injury or TBI, contributes to almost a third of all injury-related deaths in the United States. Nationally, about 1.7 million people sustain a TBI every year.
A TBI is the result of a sudden blow or piercing injury to the skull. The severity of a TBI can vary from mild to severe. A mild TBI can bring on symptoms like headache, dizziness, clumsiness, sleep difficulties and fatigue. Sensory consequences of mild TBI can include blurred vision, a bad taste in the mouth or ringing in the ears. Cognitive and social effects like trouble with concentration and attention, memory problems and moodiness can result.
Usually a mild head injury does not involve loss of consciousness, but the injured person could black out for a few moments. A longer period of unconsciousness raises suspicion of more serious TBI. Persons whose TBI is severe can lapse into extended unconsciousness or coma.
In cases of severe TBI, the injured person is likely to experience symptoms like those of mild TBI, but exacerbated. Headache can be intense and persistent. The injured person could be nauseated and may vomit repeatedly. Beyond mere dizziness, the person may have weak limbs and convulsions or seizures. Observers may note that one or both of the injured person’s pupils are dilated, and the person’s speech may be slurred. Emotional distress may be evident, exemplified by restlessness, agitation or confusion.
Treatment for TBI depends on its severity. Immediate medical attention including diagnostic imaging is necessary, and stabilizing the injured person is a priority to prevent further brain damage. Blood pressure is closely monitored and oxygen supply to the body is a concern.
In the long term, recovery from this kind of injury can be slow. Along with medical attention to the site of the injury, patients may need physical therapy, psychological counseling and other rehabilitative treatment.
About the Author
Attorney Adam Peck has been practicing law since 1981. A former successful business owner, Mr. Peck initially focused his legal career on business law. Within the first three years, after some colleagues and friend’s parents endured nursing home neglect and elder abuse, he continued his education to begin practicing elder law and nursing home abuse law.